Covid-19 Dwell Updates: U.S. Officers Urge Warning Forward of Labor Day Weekend

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Memorial Day weekend gatherings caused dropouts. The number of cases in the US is almost double before Labor Day.

In the US, an average of 40,000 new cases are reported per day on Labor Day weekend, compared to 22,000 per day prior to Memorial Day weekend.

The two holidays end a summer of missed opportunity. Although the country saw a devastating spate of new infections that peaked at more than 66,000 new cases per day, America was unable to eradicate the virus before the fall, which is likely to bring a dangerous combination with starting school. Flu season and cooler weather driving people indoors.

Compared to previous peaks this summer, fewer Americans are sick, hospitalized, or dying from the coronavirus. This bodes well for signs that the worst surge in recent infections has subsided.

But the United States is still reporting far more new cases each day than it did at the beginning of summer, a strong reminder that the country failed to control the spread of the virus at a crucial time.

"We are initially at a very high baseline," wrote Dr. Ashish Jha, Dean of Brown University School of Public Health, on Twitter.

The earlier surge was partly attributed to Memorial Day weekend gatherings, raising concerns that Labor Day parties and travel – this time with more cases across the country – could lead to a worrying surge.

"The health and well-being of our state depends on what Georgians are doing this Labor Day weekend," Georgian Governor Brian Kemp said Friday during a nationwide tour to exercise caution before the holiday weekend.

Colorado Governor Jared Polis similarly warned: "The virus is still out there."

This weekend, however, is different in at least one way: a number of states have reversed reopenings or imposed mask mandates as infections increased. For example, in Texas, a mask order and order lock bar remain in place that didn't have any earlier this summer.

The annual state fair began in Huron, S.D. on Thursday. The fair, slated to run through Labor Day, comes weeks after the Sturgis Motorcycle Rally hosted in South Dakota, which attracted hundreds of thousands of bikers from across the country and has been linked to hundreds of new cases across multiple states and one death .

"We have warned the sick and vulnerable to stay home and take extra precautions," a governor spokesman said on Friday. "We are encouraged by the fact that our hospital stays remain low and that only 6% of our I.C.U. beds are currently occupied by Covid patients."

The fair has published a disclaimer on its website, which indicates that the coronavirus poses a risk in any public place. "

Vaccine test volunteers in Russia produced a relatively modest amount of antibodies to the coronavirus, scientists there said in their first report on their controversial Covid-19 vaccine.

The report comes weeks after President Vladimir V. Putin enthusiastically announced that the vaccine – called Sputnik V – "works effectively enough" to be approved. He said it was a "very important step for our country and for the whole world in general".

Vaccine developers criticized the announcement, noting that no data on the vaccine had been released. In addition, the Russian scientists had yet to conduct a large-scale experiment to show that the vaccine was safe and effective.

The Russian vaccine caused mild symptoms in a number of subjects, the most common of which were fever and headache, the scientists reported in The Lancet, analogous to similar vaccines. Volunteers who received the full vaccine produced antibodies to the coronavirus as well as immune cells that could respond strongly to it.

In their work, the researchers found that the vaccine did not produce as many antibodies as an AstraZeneca vaccine or a gene-based vaccine from Moderna.

It is not uncommon for reports of early vaccine clinical trials to be peer reviewed and published in scientific journals after advanced trials have started. However, Mr Putin's announcement raised questions about exactly what evidence led to the vaccine's approval.

The process was relatively small. Only 40 volunteers received the full vaccine, and none received a placebo for comparison.

Akiko Iwasaki, an immunologist at Yale University who was not involved in the study, ruled that the vaccine produced "good levels of antibodies" in all volunteers. But she added that no one yet knows how many antibodies or immune cells it takes to protect people from disease. "It's hard to say whether the vaccine will be effective," she said.

This applies to all Covid-19 vaccines tested. To determine whether a vaccine is effective, what is known as a phase 3 study is needed, in which large numbers of volunteers are given either a vaccine or a placebo. In their paper, the Russian scientists wrote that last week they had received approval to conduct a phase 3 study with 40,000 people.

Moncef Slaoui, the White House's chief advisor to the vaccination program, said Thursday it was "extremely unlikely, but not impossible" that a vaccine could be available by the end of October.

In an interview with National Public Radio, Dr. Slaoui that instructing the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to instruct states to prepare for a vaccine as early as the end of October is "the right thing" if a vaccine is ready by then. "It would be irresponsible not to be ready if it did," he said, adding that he only learned of the notification through the news media.

But Dr. Slaoui, the lead scientific advisor to the Trump administration's coronavirus vaccine and treatment initiative, called Operation Warp Speed, The vaccination by the end of October was described as "very, very little chance".

That message contradicted the White House's optimistic claims that a vaccine could be ready for distribution before election day in November. Mr Trump said during the Republican National Convention last week that a vaccine could be ready "before the end of the year or maybe sooner".

A recent virus outbreak in a Wayne County, Tennessee state prison resulted in an 80 percent increase in new cases reported in a rural part of the Tennessee River Valley last week. The area now has one of the highest rates of infection in the nation for a rural county – about 899 cases per 10,000 people, according to a New York Times database.

Two inmates of the prison, the South Central Correctional Facility in Clifton, Tennessee, have died, although the cause of death is still pending, according to CoreCivic, the company that operates the state's detention center. Both inmates had tested positive for the virus. Prison officials found that nearly 80 percent of the 1,438 inmates at the facility who were tested had the virus but were asymptomatic, a company spokesman said.

The outbreak prompted state prison officials to test nearly 3,000 inmates at 13 centers across the state, "out of caution".

The state will also begin testing prison workers next week.

Prisons, prisons and other centers across the country have proven breeding grounds for the virus. And while there's no evidence that prison infections cause wider community-wide transmission, in small communities like Wayne County it wouldn't be uncommon for someone who works in prison to unwittingly bring it home to friends and family.

The US created 1.4 million jobs in August as unemployment fell to 8.4 percent.

Employers continued to bring back workers on leave last month, albeit at a slower pace than in the spring, and millions of Americans remained unemployed, new Labor Department figures showed.

The number of temporarily laid offs fell from 18.1 million in April to 6.2 million in August.

However, as businesses reopen, many find that while demand is still weak, they do not need or can not afford as many workers as they did before the pandemic, and some workers on leave are finding layoffs are permanent.

Other companies won't reopen at all. The number of people who said they would lose their jobs permanently rose from 2.9 million in July to 3.4 million in August. And economists say the shift from temporary to permanent job losses is worrying, as it suggests companies don't expect a quick recovery.

The US economy created 1.4 million jobs in August as unemployment fell to 8.4 percent, up from 1.7 million new jobs in July and up from 4.8 million in June, according to the Department of Labor. Economists attribute much of the new employment numbers to the temporary hiring of census workers for 2020, most of whom will be laid off when the census advertising ends later this month.

Research links vaping to a higher chance of contracting the virus – and suffering the worst of it.

Since the beginning of the pandemic, experts have warned that the coronavirus – a pathogen that affects the respiratory tract – is most likely to benefit from the scarred lungs of smokers and vapers. Doctors and researchers are now beginning to determine how smoking and vaping appear to improve the virus' ability to spread from person to person, infiltrate the lungs, and cause some of the worst symptoms of Covid-19.

"I have no doubt that smoking and vaping can increase the risk of bad results from Covid-19," said Dr. Stephanie Lovinsky-Desir, a pediatric pulmonologist at Columbia University. “It's pretty clear that smoking and vaping are bad for the lungs and the predominant symptoms of Covid are the airways. These two things will be bad when combined. "

While several studies have found that smoking can more than double a person's risk of severe Covid-19 symptoms, the relationship between vaping and Covid-19 is only gradually becoming clear. A team of researchers recently reported that young adults who vape are five times more likely to get a coronavirus diagnosis.

"If I had caught Covid-19 within a week of my illness, I would probably have died," said Janan Moein, 20, who was hospitalized in early December with a collapsed lung and a diagnosis of vaping-related lung disease. Mr. Moein contracted a mild case of Covid-19 three months ago during a family barbecue.

In the US, around 34 million adults smoke cigarettes, many from color communities with low socioeconomic status – groups already known to be more susceptible to the virus. According to a 2019 study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 5 million middle and high school students recently reported using vapes.

The pandemic could become more than a short-term economic shock to service workers across urban America. When companies sent home office workers to work, cut sales trips, and canceled business lunches, they also eliminated the chores of cleaning their offices and hotel rooms, driving them around town and serving them meals.

If the American clerk does not return to the office, many service employees have no one available.

Maria Valdez, a laid-off housekeeper at the Grand Hyatt Hotel in San Antonio, walks by with three children on a weekly jobless check for $ 314. Kimber Adams, who lost her job as a bartender at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, is hoping for her plan to become a phlebotomist. Waldo Cabrera, who was fired from his job as an aircraft cleaner at Miami Airport, hopes an offer to drive a tanker truck in Texas will wait until he can move there.

Everyone really wants to go back to work. However, with 11.5 million jobs lost since February and the government's monthly report on Friday showing a slowdown in hiring, fears grow that many jobs will disappear permanently.

"Some law firms are finding that staying home is more productive for their attorneys," said Kristinia Bellamy, a janitor who has been fired from her cleaning offices in Midtown Manhattan. "This could be the beginning of the end for these commercial office buildings."

The Israeli government has approved a plan to completely or partially lock down dozens of the worst-hit areas starting Monday to combat a daily infection rate that is among the highest in the world.

After taking swift action earlier in the year to control an outbreak, the Israeli infections surged to around 2,000 new cases per day during the summer, hitting an alarming high of nearly 3,200 new cases on Wednesday. More than 14,000 cases, or 158 per 100,000 people, have been recorded in the past seven days – the seventh highest rate in the world according to a Times database.

Although the death rate in Israel was relatively low, it has also increased. The number of deaths from coronavirus is now nearing 1,000 out of nine million residents.

However, some politicians and mayors have attacked a new plan by Israel's national coronavirus project manager Prof. Ronni Gamzu, which completely locks down 10 areas, including ultra-Orthodox and Arab areas.

Shua Mansour Masarwa, the mayor of Taibe, an Arab city in central Israel that is slated for lockdown, said Professor Gamzu based his calculations on inaccurate population data. After nearly a dozen predominantly Palestinian neighborhoods in East Jerusalem had also been declared restricted areas, Mayor Moshe Lion of Jerusalem said on Friday that he had not yet been officially informed of any measures.

Professor Gamzu emphasized that the labels are not intended to embarrass communities, but rather to offer the intervention and support they need.

In other news from around the world:

  • New Zealand On Friday, a man in his fifties who contracted the virus in Auckland reported his first death from the virus in more than three months. The country, which was previously close to getting rid of the virus, has recently seen a small spike in cases from an unknown source.

  • Doctors in South Korea agreed to end a two-week strike after the government agreed not to enforce the overhaul of the medical system until the virus subsided. Since August 21, thousands of doctors, mostly interns and local residents, have been on strike to protest the plan to increase the number of medical students and open public medical schools. Some doctors criticized the government's new engagement as insufficient and threatened to continue their strike.

  • France has closed 22 schools due to viral infections, the education minister said Friday, less than a week after millions of students returned to classes across the country in a surge in cases. The minister, Jean-Michel Blanquer, told Radio 1 that ten of the closed schools were in La Réunion, a French overseas territory in the Indian Ocean, and noted that the vast majority of the 60,000 French schools were still open .

  • Italy Former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, who tested positive this week, was admitted to hospital on Thursday evening, his staff said. "There was a need for a small preventive hospitalization," said Senator Licia Ronzulli, a close adviser, on the Italian television program Agorà, "to monitor the development of Covid-19." She added that Mr Berlusconi, 83, is feeling good.

  • As well as Thailand It was announced on Thursday that a man arrested for drug use was infected. The man known as D.J. in Bangkok nightclubs, tested positive for the virus on Wednesday, a week after being admitted to a city prison. The discovery led to a lockdown of the detention center and dozens of inmates and staff were placed in isolation. So far, no one else has tested positive, officials said.

  • At the height of Great BritainThe April outbreak resulted in more than 400 deaths a day among nursing home residents, according to data analysis by the news agency PA Media.

  • An alarming turnaround is underway Latin America: Millions of university students are dropping out of college as the pandemic hits the region, according to the Inter-American Development Bank. The exodus threatens decades of successes that have helped lift entire communities out of poverty.

NEW JERSEY AND NEW YORK ROUNDUP

When indoor eating resumes in New Jersey, "just a little more caution" is needed.

New Jersey restaurants and bars reopened Friday to indoor dining at 25 percent capacity, and theaters sold tickets for the first time since March.

At an IHOP in Edison, New Jersey, three indoor tables were filled at lunchtime. Everyone entered wearing masks and a manager jotted down guests' phone numbers for contact tracing before setting them down.

"It felt like we rented the whole place," said Joshua Naval, 21, after a fried steak lunch.

"Space and boundaries," said his friend Sayema ​​Bhuiyan, 20. "It was like before – just a little more caution."

Nearby, at Anthony & # 39; s Coal Fired Pizza, indoor business was brisk. (The unshaded tables outside were largely empty at lunchtime when the temperature hit 85 degrees.)

Wayne Martiak of Point Pleasant, N.J. said his first indoor dining experience in six months was "very enjoyable".

"We tried to be very careful," said Mr Martiak, who was dining with his daughter and granddaughter. He said he continues to avoid the crowds and places where few people wear masks. "If a place is wrong, we don't go there," he said.

At a news conference on Friday, Governor Philip D. Murphy warned that restaurants violating state restrictions will be penalized. "The limits we have placed on public health capacities and the protocols we have put in place are not friendly proposals," he said. "You are required."

The state will also indefinitely extend the ban on smoking in state casinos during the pandemic, the governor said. When the casinos were allowed to reopen for gaming in July, smoking, drinking and eating remained banned due to fears that people would not wear masks indoors.

Earlier this week, public health groups criticized the language in the governor's executive order that would have allowed indoor smoking to be resumed.

"We've looked closely at the science and agree with the experts who concluded that giving up smoking was too great a risk," Murphy said.

The New Jersey casinos, all of which are located in Atlantic City, were banned from a 2006 law that banned indoor smoking in public buildings. Local laws limit smoking to 25 percent of a casino's gaming area.

Elsewhere in the New York area:

  • New York now allows salons, spas, and tattoo and piercing parlors Offer services like facials and lip piercings released under new government guidance on Thursday. Although personal care companies were allowed to resume operations in Phase 3 of the state's reopening plan, officials continued to lock down services that required customers to remove their face covers. Under the new guidelines, the employees who administer these services must wear face shields and test negative for viruses in order to run them.

  • New York City, home to the country's largest school district, remains the only major city in the country to offer in-person training at the start of the school year. Many more Parents said they were exhausted From a summer of conflicting information and last-minute changes to the school reopening, particularly Mayor Bill de Blasio's announcement earlier this week to postpone the start of the school year to September 21, just 10 days before the school buildings are scheduled to open.

Amid the resurgence of Covid-19 in Europe, the European Union executive recommended on Friday that the 27 member states should coordinate their approach to intra-bloc travel to facilitate movement within a formerly borderless zone.

Although European borders reopened this summer, travel has become increasingly complicated due to discrepancies between national measures regarding mandatory quarantine and testing, and different methods of classifying high-risk areas.

This week Hungary became the first E.U. Member to completely close its borders to all non-residents, including other European citizens. Belgium, in an abrupt announcement, banned unnecessary travel to a number of European regions and imposed a mandatory 14-day quarantine on travelers returning from these areas, including Paris, an hour's train ride away. Just as suddenly, Poland banned flight connections with 44 countries, including Spain and Romania.

In the meantime, German health authorities are considering shortening quarantine times for those who have had contact with patients who test positive for the coronavirus or for patients returning from high-risk countries from the current 14 days to five days.

The The European Commission's proposal, which ministers from the Member States must vote on, provides for a coordinated system of color coding for low, medium and high risk areas of the continent. The system is based on information provided weekly by national governments on the number of newly confirmed information Infections, the number of tests performed and percentage that were positive.

The European Commission also urged national governments to adopt a single set of measures for all travelers from risk areas and to notify new restrictions in advance.

"People deserve to know which zone they are in," said Ylva Johansson, the European Union's home affairs commissioner. "Both citizens and businesses need to have a certain level of security."

The reporting was written by Geneva Abdul, Livia Albeck-Ripka, Emma Bubola and Aurelien Breeden. Ben Casselman, Joyce Cohen, Choe Sang-hun, Michael Gold, Isabel Kershner, Richard C. Paddock, Gaia Pianigiani, Eduardo Porter, Monika Pronczuk, Campbell Robertson, Eliza Shapiro, Christopher F. Schütze, Tracey Tully, Julie Turkewitz, Katherine J. Wu and Carl Zimmer.

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