European Leaders Weigh New Lockdowns as Circumstances Rise

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Coronavirus Live Updates: Worldwide Cases Reach 20 Million

California became the first state to overcome 700,000 known cases of coronavirus on Saturday, according to a database from the New York Times, although the recent infection rate has continued to decline sharply.

As of August 16, the 7-day average of new cases in the state was 9,323 and on Saturday it was 5,485. The state met 600,000 cases on August 13.

California is by far the most populous state in the country and is not one of the most severely affected by the virus per capita: it ranks 21st in cases and 26th in deaths per 100,000 people. according to the Times database. Along with the Sun Belt states, California was one of the hardest hit areas in the summer when the virus reappeared.

On Friday, Governor Gavin Newsom unveiled a new reopening plan that would allow some counties, including San Diego and San Francisco, to reopen many stores indoors as early as Monday under certain circumstances such as gyms and places of worship to permit indoor dining . Bars remain closed in most states.

The new plan was based on new daily case numbers per 100,000 population as well as positivity rates.

California survived the pandemic. It was the first state to issue a comprehensive stay-at-home order on March 19, when it was reporting 116 new cases daily.

But after the state began reopening two months later, its case numbers rose as severe coronavirus outbreaks shifted from the northeast to the south and west.

Mr Newsom allowed counties to reopen certain sectors such as gyms and indoor entertainment in May and June, but withdrew after a series of cases in July when he ordered the closure of many indoor activities nationwide, including places of worship and salons .

As the new school year has started across the state, most counties have stuck to online classes.

Louisiana currently has the highest number of cases per 100,000 people in the United States at over 3,100, while California has about 1,770 cases. New Jersey, where the virus peaked months ago, has the highest death rate: 179 per 100,000 population. California has 33 deaths per capita.

global summary

In France, President Emmanuel Macron warned on Friday that the authorities are "doing everything they can to avoid another lockdown". A day later, the country reported over 7,300 new virus cases, the highest daily number since March 31, and a number that raised its seven-day average to a new record of 4,668, according to a New York Times database.

Chancellor Angela Merkel said this week that dealing with the pandemic would become more difficult in the fall and winter as Germany faces a more modest resurgence – the seven-day average for new cases has now risen to over 1,300, as the database shows colder weather drives people back into the house. "We will have to live with this virus for a long time," she said.

The sobering comments by Ms. Merkel and Mr. Macron come from the fact that European countries are preparing for a second wave of infections or even entering it.

Nowhere on the continent is the threat more alarming than in Spain, where the Times database shows the seven-day average has exceeded 7,600. The country reported nearly 9,800 new cases on Saturday, the highest number in a single day.

The mayor of Madrid has asked residents of the southern neighborhoods to stay home and soon more than 2,000 armed forces could be deployed to track local outbreaks, authorities said this week.

In Berlin, thousands of people took to the streets on Saturday to call for an end to government measures that they claim violate their constitutional rights. The rally was stopped by a police injunction because many disregarded social distancing measures, The Associated Press reported.

Although Germany has been praised for minimizing the health of the number of victims of the pandemic to a large extent, many who have become unemployed are angry and fear that they would not survive a second lockdown.

Around 1,000 anti-mask protesters also gathered in the Swiss city of Zurich, and a similar number was demonstrated in Trafalgar Square in London, according to The Associated Press.

While Mr Macron hasn't ruled out another nationwide lockdown, the Tour de France, the prestigious cycling race, left the southern city of Nice on Saturday amid fears the peloton could transmit infections if it rides across the country by September. 20. Teams may be excluded if two of their drivers test positive for the virus within seven days of the race.

  • India reported 78,761 new coronavirus infections on Sunday, setting a global record for the third time in the past few days. As of this past week, the US had held the record for a one-day increase in cases from 75,682 on July 16, according to a Times database. India's steep rise in infections – which, according to official data, is partly explained by an increase in tests – is due to the fact that more and more state governments, eager to boost a troubled economy, are loosening lockdown restrictions.

  • Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern of New Zealand thanked residents of Auckland, the country's largest city, as they prepared to get out of lockdown at 11:59 p.m. On Sunday. But she encouraged residents to wear masks in public and to remain vigilant. "Our system is only as good as our people, and our people are amazing," she said. The city has been on lockdown since Aug. 12 as it tries to contain a cluster that has grown to 135 cases, including two reported on Sunday.

Colleges across the country are imposing suspensions and quarantines as fraternity and sorority outbreaks jeopardize plans to reopen this fall.

Health officials in Riley County, Kan., Announced Friday that 22 students associated with four sororities at Kansas State University tested positive and recommended all members of the affected homes begin a two-week quarantine.

In Idaho, Boise State University issued a statement Friday that three fraternities and a handful of students had been temporarily suspended in connection with "large gatherings that violated university guidelines."

Outside of Chicago, Northwestern University announced on Friday that its sorority and fraternity accommodations will be closed for the fall semester. Also, first and second year students will largely limit themselves to distance learning, while tuition fees will be reduced by 10 percent.

And Indiana University said Thursday that all Greek homes on its Bloomington campus would have to cease "personal organizational activities" after an alarming surge in new cases. The university also directed members of eight Greek organizations to quarantine.

The New York Times has tracked more than 26,000 cases of the virus related to college students returning to college, and the recent outbreaks highlight the challenges universities are facing in regulating student behavior.

The most commonly used diagnostic test for the virus, known as a PCR test, provides a simple yes-no answer to whether a patient is infected. However, the results sent to doctors and patients do not contain anything else that the tests show: an indication of the amount of virus in the patient's body, which is a signal of how contagious the person can be.

This means that many more people than necessary are to be isolated and traced and that the true picture of the virus condition is skewed, according to Apoorva Mandavilli of The Times. The results suggest that switching to faster, less sensitive testing may help communities get better control of the virus.

"We used some kind of data for everything, and that's just plus or minus – that's all," said Dr. Michael Mina, epidemiologist at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. "We use this for clinical diagnostics, for public health and for political decisions."

The PCR test amplifies the genetic substance of the virus in cycles. It takes fewer cycles to register large virus loads, while even small amounts of virus – or inactive virus fragments – are registered if enough cycles are run. (Dr. Mina believes that the limit in cycles should not be more than 30 to limit the positive values ​​for samples with very little virus.)

The number of cycles the virus registers is called the cycle threshold, or C.T. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported the use of C.T. Measures "for policy making" and that there would be a need to work with the Food and Drug Administration and equipment manufacturers to ensure that the measures "can be applied properly and with the confidence that we know what they mean".

In three sets of test data that C.T. Values ​​compiled by officials in Massachusetts, New York, and Nevada that up to 90 percent of positive samples contained hardly any virus, a Times review found. If that rate were applied nationwide, only about 4,500 of the 45,604 new U.S. cases reported Thursday would actually require isolation and contact tracing.

"It's just mind blowing that people don't take the C.T. Readings from all of these tests – that they only return a positive or a negative result," said Angela Rasmussen, a virologist at Columbia University in New York.

People around the world who have lost loved ones to the virus have not been able to hold funerals or memorial services. But in Detroit, the 1,500 city dwellers who died of Covid-19 will be honored with a procession of motorcades on Monday, Mayor Mike Duggan said in a press release.

"This is how we begin the healing process," said Mayor Duggan.

In 15 processions led by hearses, bells ring through town as the families of the deceased drive around Belle Isle, a park on the Detroit River. A local radio station, WRCJ-FM (90.9), will play gospel, classical and jazz music as the vehicles pass 900 photos of the deceased that will be scattered around the park, according to the press release.

"These are the funeral procession that a lot of these people didn't have," said Rochelle Riley, director of arts and culture for Detroit and coordinator of the memorial. “We need to see the hearse. We need to see the grief so everyone understands that this is a pandemic that is stealing from us humans. "

Mourners stay in their cars to ensure the event complies with anti-large gathering guidelines, and the park will be closed to other traffic for the day. The photos will stay in the park until Wednesday.

As well as helping families with their losses, Ms. Riley hoped the memorial would highlight the threat posed by the virus to those who did not take it seriously. The memorial can be viewed on the city's Facebook page and YouTube channel, she said.

The number of new coronavirus cases in most of the United States is falling, but some states, including North and South Dakota, are announcing high numbers of new infections. Both states announced daily records on Saturday: more than 370 in North Dakota and more than 420 in South Dakota.

Cases in Grand Forks County, ND, increased over the past week, a surge that health experts believe may be linked to college students attending the University of North Dakota, the state's largest university. return to class with more than 13,000 students enrolled.

On Saturday, the county added 147 new cases, a daily record, and more cases were recorded in the past week than any other seven-day period, according to a New York Times database.

The university currently has more than 300 positive cases among students, and almost 700 students and staff have been quarantined, according to its online dashboard.

Molly Howell, the North Dakota state assistant epidemiologist, said in an interview that the majority of the new cases have occurred in people between the ages of 20 and 29. She noted that the number of residents in the health department had defiantly increased quarantine rules.

"We are finding that some contacts don't necessarily stay home or even answer the phone or call us back," Ms. Howell said.

She said 28 coronavirus cases in North Dakota have been linked to the two-week motorcycle rally in the city of Sturgis, which ended on August 16, as of Saturday.

In South Dakota, 88 cases have been linked to the rally, Health Department officials said at a briefing. Meade County, where Sturgis is located, reported 68 new cases for a daily record on Thursday, adding a record of 127 last week.

Minnesota, Wisconsin, Nebraska, Montana, Wyoming and Washington have also reported cases related to the rally, according to The Associated Press.

As schools closed and students stayed home that year to comply with lockdown regulations, the owners of companies that transport millions of students to and from schools shut down their fleets and faced financial losses.

However, as the pandemic has continued, many privately owned bus companies are facing an existential threat. With most of the summer school programs canceled and many schools planning to go online in the fall, they fear they may not survive.

"We've been in business for over 60 years," said Glenn Every, who runs a school bus company that works with schools in New York's Hudson Valley. "But this could be the end of the line for us."

Around 60 percent of the school buses belong to and are operated by school districts. The remainder are privately owned bus companies that take nearly 10 million children to school every year.

When they fail, experts say, many school districts may find few alternatives. Parents and students, especially those who live far from the school of their choice, will most likely have to improvise on transportation.

The tens of billions of dollars that Congress has earmarked for the ailing transportation industry is focused on airlines, public transportation, and Amtrak. Privately operated buses have largely been left out, according to industry experts. Another $ 13.5 billion was set aside for school districts, but lawmakers left it up to district administrators whether they should use that money to pay private contractors – and some not.

In school districts where distance learning is being introduced, bus companies worry about an income. In places where in-person tuition or a hybrid model is fully completed again, companies expect cleaning costs to skyrocket and operating costs to skyrocket as more buses are required to ensure students are socially distant stay.

In addition, laid-off bus drivers have flocked to industries like trucking and parcel delivery, making it difficult for companies that have to drive college students in the fall to recruit the staff they need now.

"Once it falls apart," said Kyle DeVivo, a bus attorney and vice president of DATTCO Inc., a Connecticut bus company, "good luck putting it together."

Italy's flare-up of Covid-19 cases is fueling sentiment against immigrants, despite the government saying migrants are only a small part of the problem.

The coronavirus outbreak>

frequently asked Questions

Updated August 27, 2020

  • What do I have to consider when choosing a mask?

    • There are a few basic things to keep in mind. Does it have at least two layers? Well. If you hold it up to the light, can you see through it? Bad. Can you blow a candle through your mask Bad. Do you feel okay most of the time wearing it for hours? Well. The most important thing after finding a mask that fits well with no gaps is finding a mask that you will wear. Take some time to choose your mask and find something that suits your personal style. You should always wear it when out in public for the foreseeable future. Read more: What is the best material for a mask?
  • What are the symptoms of the coronavirus?

    • In the beginning, the coronavirus appeared to be primarily a respiratory illness – many patients had fevers and chills, were weak and tired, and coughed a lot, although some people don't show many symptoms at all. Those who seemed the sickest had pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome and were given supplemental oxygen. By now, doctors have identified many more symptoms and syndromes. In April the C.D.C. added to list of early signs of sore throat, fever, chills, and muscle pain. Gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea and nausea have also been observed. Another tell-tale sign of infection can be a sudden, profound decrease in your sense of smell and taste. In some cases, teenagers and young adults have developed painful red and purple lesions on their fingers and toes – nicknamed "Covid Toe" – but few other serious symptoms.
  • Why does it help to stand three feet away from others?

    • The coronavirus spreads mainly through droplets from your mouth and nose, especially when you cough or sneeze. The C.D.C., one of the organizations using this measure, bases its six-foot recommendation on the idea that most of the large droplets that people make when they cough or sneeze fall within six feet of the ground. But six feet has never been a magical number that guarantees complete protection. For example, sneezing, according to a recent study, can trigger droplets that are much farther than two meters away. It's a rule of thumb: it is safest to stand six feet apart, especially when it's windy. But always wear a mask even if you think they are far enough apart.
  • I have antibodies. Am i immune now?

    • As of now, this seems likely for at least a few months. There have been scary reports of people appearing to be suffering from a second attack of Covid-19. However, experts say these patients may have a protracted course of infection, with the virus taking a slow toll weeks to months after initial exposure. People infected with the coronavirus typically produce immune molecules called antibodies, which are protective proteins made in response to an infection. These antibodies may only last in the body for two to three months, which may seem worrying, but that's perfectly normal after an acute infection subsides, said Dr. Michael Mina, an immunologist at Harvard University. It may be possible to get the coronavirus again, but it is highly unlikely to be possible in a short window of time after the initial infection or make people sick the second time.
  • I am a small business owner. Can I get relief?

    • The stimulus packages passed in March provide help to millions of American small businesses. Eligible are companies and non-profit organizations with fewer than 500 employees, including sole proprietorships, independent contractors and freelancers. Some larger companies in some industries are also eligible. The assistance offered, administered by the Small Business Administration, includes the Paycheck Protection Program and the Economic Injury Disaster Loan Program. But a lot of people haven't seen any payouts yet. Even those who have received help are confused: the rules are draconian and some are stuck with money they cannot use. Many small business owners get less than expected or hear nothing at all.
  • What are my rights if I am worried about going back to work?

Sicily President Nello Musumeci ordered the closure of all migrant centers on the island last weekend, saying it was impossible to prevent the disease from spreading inside them. A court blocked the order, but its efforts underscored the challenges Italy faces when right-wing politicians attempt to restart a polarizing debate over immigration in a pandemic-stricken country.

In the past two weeks, Italy's 7-day average of new cases has more than doubled from 476 on August 15 to 1,192 on Friday, according to a New York Times database.

Franco Locatelli, president of Italy's Supreme Health Council, an advisory body to the government, said the role of migrants in spreading the virus in Italy was "minimal".

According to the Italian National Health Institute, around 25 percent of new infections in the country came from abroad in the first half of August. Italians who had traveled made up more than half and many other cases were among the foreigners returning to the country. According to the Ministry of Health, less than 5 percent were new immigrants.

Approximately 11,700 migrants have reached Sicily since June and 3 percent tested positive either upon arrival or during a quarantine period imposed in shelters.

Last weekend, a ship carrying hundreds of migrants from Africa and the Middle East, about 20 of whom tested positive, was turned away from mayor to mayor in Sicily before finally docking in Augusta in the southeast.

"Outlaw State," said Matteo Salvini, chairman of the Anti-Immigrant League party and former home secretary, on Twitter. "An invasion of illegal migrants, a boom in infections, Sicily is collapsing."

Pozzallo in southern Sicily has the highest infection rate among incoming migrants: 73 out of around 200 quarantined people tested positive in one week this month. Roberto Ammatuna, the center-left mayor, has tried to balance public fear with ethical obligations.

"Our citizens need to feel safe and secure because we are at the forefront here in Europe," he said in an interview.

"Nobody wants migrants who have Covid," he said, "but we cannot stop saving people at sea."

Marilyn Cortez, a retired Houston cafeteria worker who has no health insurance, spent much of July in the hospital with Covid-19. When she finally returned home, she received a bill for $ 36,000, which added to the stress of her illness.

Then someone from the hospital, a Houston Methodist, called and told her not to worry – President Trump had paid for it.

But then came another bill for twice as much.

Ms. Cortez & # 39; care is slated to be covered under a program Mr. Trump announced this spring as the pandemic hit – a time when millions of people lost their health insurance and managed to find the affordable one Dismantling care, doubled the law, the law that had expanded coverage to more than 20 million people.

"This should alleviate any concerns uninsured Americans might have when trying to get coronavirus treatment," Trump said in April of the program that uses funds to test and treat uninsured people with Covid-19 the federal economic stimulus package.

The program has received little attention since then, but a review of the payments by the New York Times, as well as interviews with hospital administrators, patients, and health policy researchers who examined the payments, suggest that the hastily crafted plan didn't live up to its Promise.

It has created confusion in the participating hospitals, which in some cases incorrectly billed patients for whom it should be covered. Few patients seem to know that the program exists, so they don't question the fees. Some hospitals and other medical providers have chosen not to participate.

A large number of patients have also been disqualified as Covid-19 must be the primary diagnosis for a case to be covered (unless the patient is pregnant).

"This is not the way you deal with uninsured people during a public health emergency," said Sara Rosenbaum, professor of health law and policy at George Washington University.

One of the US Open's most indelible moments was when one of the game's greatest tennis players was sitting on a flower box next to the court. On this day in 2016, his 39th birthday, Jimmy Connors celebrated an exciting comeback against Aaron Krickstein. He paused before the tiebreaker in the fifth set, looked at the camera and bragged, "That's what they paid for – that's what they want."

"They" were the pounding, clapping, screaming, insane fans whose rabid excitement helped give Connors the energy and psychological advantage to overthrow his younger opponent.

The US Open is known for its passionate and rugged fans, so their absence this year will definitely change the tenor of the tournament, which starts in New York on Monday.

"Playing in an empty stadium will be quite a change from what we're used to, especially in New York," said Petra Martic in 14th place.

The most noticeable change could be in the Louis Armstrong and Arthur Ashe stadiums, which feel cavernous and where struck balls sound different when the stands are empty.

Jamie Reynolds, vice president of production at ESPN, said players could potentially hear the commentators without fans making noise between points.

"You can even listen to the analysis and change your tactics," Reynolds said.

However, in Ashe and Armstrong, players will hear recorded cheers from the moment they step into the stadium. And Lew Sherr, the US Tennis Association's chief revenue officer, promised that the game's fed-in sounds would be as accurate as possible.

For example, if Serena Williams hits a breakpoint during a session on the day of the second round with a winner in the first set, the computer system looks for a reaction from the crowd at a similar moment.

Ein Budget von 84 Millionen US-Dollar für das weitläufige Parksystem von New York City, das aufgrund der großen wirtschaftlichen Herausforderungen, denen sich die Stadt aufgrund der Pandemie gegenübersieht, eingeschränkt wurde, ist darauf zurückzuführen, dass auf den Grünflächen der Stadt Versammlungen stattfinden, die einst in Bars, Empfangsräumen und Wohnzimmern stattfanden.

In typischen Zeiten wäre eine derart starke Nutzung eine Herausforderung für das Parksystem. Aber in diesem Sommer, als die Wartungsteams schrumpften, Rasenverkleidungen übersprungen und selten Müll abgeholt wurden, wurden einige Parklandschaften unansehnlich und schmutzig gelassen, als die New Yorker sagten, sie brauchen die 1.700 grünen Oasen der Stadt mehr denn je.

Einige New Yorker befürchten, dass die zerzausten Parks ein Zeichen für etwas weit Schlimmeres als Müll sind: eine Stadt, die sich dem Niedergang nähert.

"Es ist irgendwie deprimierend", sagte die 19-jährige Elizabeth Soto, als ein Eichhörnchen eine Fruchtsnackverpackung in der Nähe leckte. "Wir sitzen im Haus fest, und dann kommen wir aus dem Haus und müssen extra putzen."

Was wir diese Woche gelernt haben

Als sich der republikanische Nationalkonvent dieser Woche seinem Ende näherte, schwor Präsident Trump, dass ein Impfstoff gegen das Coronavirus vor Ende des Jahres "oder vielleicht sogar früher" hergestellt werden würde.

Das Versprechen ist in jeder Hinsicht eine große Herausforderung: Die Patienten müssen bereit sein, den Impfstoff einzunehmen, und es müssen genügend Dosen vorhanden sein, um verteilt zu werden.

Je länger Impfstoffe vor der Freisetzung getestet werden, desto wahrscheinlicher ist es, dass sie sicher und wirksam sind. Die Suche des Weißen Hauses nach einer Silberkugel hat jedoch bei Regierungsforschern zu Befürchtungen geführt, dass der Präsident – der seine Zeit im Amt verbracht hat, um die Wissenschaft und das Fachwissen der Bundesbürokratie zu untergraben – die Food and Drug Administration dazu bringen könnte, unzureichende Daten zu übersehen und zu geben am wenigsten eingeschränkte Notfallgenehmigung für einen Impfstoff.

Sieben Monate nach der Pandemie schreiten mehr als 30 Impfstoffe durch klinische Studien rasch voran. Mindestens 88 Impfstoffkandidaten werden derzeit in Laboratorien auf der ganzen Welt aktiv präklinisch untersucht. 67 von ihnen sollen vor Ende nächsten Jahres mit klinischen Studien beginnen.

Weitere Highlights in den Coronavirus-Nachrichten der Woche:

Die Berichterstattung wurde von Ed Augustin, Melissa Eddy, Marie Fazio, Tess Felder, Abby Goodnough, Taylor Lorenz, Zach Montague, Sarah Maslin Nir, Apoorva Mandavilli, Stuart Miller, Elian Peltier, Christopher F. Schütze, Pranshu Verma und Lauren Wolfe verfasst.

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