Mr Boseman learned in 2016 that he had stage 3 colon cancer, according to an Instagram post announcing his death. Dr. Mendelsohn said that stage 3 patients "have about a 60 to 80 percent chance of recovery," depending on a number of factors, including whether the cancer will respond to chemotherapy.
Are There Racial Differences in Colon Cancer Risk?
Yes. Colon cancer rates are higher among black people, according to the latest report from the American Cancer Society. From 2012 to 2016, the rate of new cases among non-Hispanic blacks was 45.7 per 100,000, about 20 percent higher than non-Hispanic whites and 50 percent higher than Asian-Americans and Pacific islanders. Alaska Natives had the highest rate: 89 per 100,000.
Ms. Siegel also said that African Americans at any age are 40 percent more likely to die from colon cancer. It's down to later diagnosis, systemic racism, and everything that this population has been dealing with for hundreds of years. "
What symptoms should cause someone to see a doctor about possible colon cancer?
Common symptoms include bloody stools or bleeding from the rectum, doctors say. Other symptoms can include constipation or diarrhea, a change in bowel habits, dark sticky feces, anemia, abdominal pain or cramps, nausea, vomiting, or unexplained weight loss.
"When you feel something, you have to say something," said Dr. Salem. "Don't postpone it because you are busy or because you are a young person or because you have too much on your plate."
Are younger people less likely to get an early diagnosis and less likely to talk about their disease?
Unfortunately yes. The average time from symptoms to diagnosis for people under 50 is 271 days, said Dr. Seal, compared to 29 days for people over 50.
"Both doctors and these young people don't believe they have cancer," she said. "Part of it is screening, but it's not all screening. Young patients sometimes have symptoms for years. For one thing, they have much less health insurance than older people and therefore have less money. And they think," I'm 30 years old, what could be the matter with me – it will go away. "