American indians/Alaska natives have elevated COVID-19 mortality

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American indians/Alaska natives have elevated COVID-19 mortality

Alaskan American Indians / Natives (AI / ANs) have disproportionate COVID-19 death rates. This is based on research published in the December 11th issue of the Weekly Report of the United States Centers for the Control and Prevention of Morbidity and Mortality.

Jessica Arrazola, Dr P.H. from the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists in Atlanta, and colleagues examined the prevalence of COVID-19 deaths in the AI ​​/ AN population given the disproportionate mortality during the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic.

The CDC reported 2,689 COVID-19-associated deaths among non-Hispanic AI / AN people in the United States as of December 2, 2020. The researchers found that among 14 participating states, the age-adjusted AI / AN-COVID-19 mortality rate was 1.8 times that of whites (55.8 versus 30.3 deaths per 100,000). For both AI / AN and whites, COVID-19 death rates increased with age, but the greatest inequality was found among 20- to 49-year-olds. The COVID-19 death rates for AI / AN were 10.5, 11.6, and 8.2 times higher than for whites in people ages 20 to 29, 30 to 39 and 40 to 49, respectively.

"These results suggest that the AI ​​/ AN population in the 14 participating states is disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 pandemic compared to the white population, especially among younger age groups," the authors write. "Improving the quality of COVID-19 data will be important for AI / AN communities and their partners to identify populations at undue risk and to plan and implement preventive and medical countermeasures."

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