Bee sting therapy is a form of apitherapy, which is an alternative treatment using honey bee products. In addition to bee sting venom, apitherapy can include honey, propolis, bee pollen, beeswax, and royal jelly.
"This strategy has been used in alternative medicine for more than 5,000 years," explains one study. "It consists of either indirect application by extracting bee venom (BV) with an electrical stimulus followed by injection into the body, or directly through bee stings."
In order to apply the bee sting therapy directly, the bees are held with tweezers and placed on a specific part of the body. After it stings, the bee is removed, but the stinger remains in the body for a short time.
This treatment was featured in the Netflix Documentaries (Un) recently. Well, so many people around the world have been exposed to the idea of apitherapy to relieve symptoms of Lyme disease. On the sixth episode of the show, Heal Hive founder Brooke Geahan names bee venom an antibacterial, antiviral, antiparasitic, and anti-inflammatory agent.
She then explains a property of the bee venom, melittin, which supposedly breaks into the cell walls of the Lyme borreliosis bacteria (B. burgdorferi) and makes them burst.