Why They Occur + What To Do

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Why They Happen + What To Do

"These points indicate that the hair is broken or broken, ”says the famous hairdresser Nick Stenson, Artistic Director of Matrix. But they're not exactly your ordinary split ends that we usually think of: the hair may not split into a familiar "feather" or "tree," but the ends are certainly frayed, typically due to excessive heat styling or chemical treatments. As Stenson notes, "If you notice these white dots on or near the ends of your hair, you have irreversible damage to the hair structure due to chemical or mechanical damage. “Even if you stay away from chemical treatments and hot tools, white spots can still appear. Your hair can be exposed to other types of damage (physical wear and tear, dehydrated strands, and the like).

The reason they are so easy to break off is because, thanks to the above damage, they indicate the weakest point in the hair shaft. And while it may be tempting to tear each one down, opt for a full trim and let a professional do the job. Breaking off all of those broken ends (albeit satisfactory) can make your hair look brittle and uneven.

Plus, a trim is the only way to really treat the damage. As with split ends, there is no way to save the frays. "Unfortunately, once the hair reaches this broken state, it cannot be repaired," added Stenson. Once you have them, your best bet is to cut off the damaged ends so they don't fray the hair shaft any further. Then you can focus on healthy hair habits so that they don't sprout at all. According to Stenson, this includes "regular treatment with a repair mask and always with low heat settings and a heat protectant when hot tools are used". It's certainly not the only thing you can do to avoid harm (more on that here), but it's a safe place to start.

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